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I had a pleasure of meeting   Bakhtiyar Amanzhol at the Musical Geographies of Central Asia conference. His presentation Musical Instruments of Tengrianism was very informative and  interesting but  I could not quite agree with the  etymology of  “Tengri”:

“The historical roots of Tengrianism extend deep into history. The earliest references to Tengri date back to the 4th century B.C.: in ancient Mesopotamia the name of a king would be written with an honorific title, “Dingir” (God).  It has been argued that by the twelve-thirteenth century A.D. this form of worship had become a religion in its own right, with its own ontology, cosmology, mythology and demonology.  Variants of the word tengri, usually meaning “god”, are found in a wide range of Turkic languages, and there have been many speculations about its etymology. The Russian researcher of Tengrianism, Rafael Bezertinov, conveys a sense of its meaning for Altaic worship by collating the Turkic word “таң” which means “sunrise”, with the ancient Egyptian word “rа” which means “sun”, and the Turkic, Altaic word “yang”, meaning “consciousness”. “

I find the etymology, proposed by Rafael Bezertinov particularly doubtful. Read the rest of this entry »

With renewed attention to pronunciation in language teaching, has come a revival of interest in the concept of “Articulatory Setting”. However, historically there has been considerable inconsistency in the understanding of this notion. The terms “Basis of Articulation” (BA), commonly used on the Continent and the predominantly British “Articulatory Setting” (AS) are usually considered synonyms.  However, BA was originally conceived as a language specific posture of the tongue maintained in speech-ready and inter-speech positions (ISP). According to modern research, this posture is related to the language specific centre of mass of the tongue. It affects all aspects of speech production such as vowel quality, place of articulation etc. This gross position generally corresponds to the articulations of language specific “neutral” vowels and hesitation vowels. Read the rest of this entry »

A very interesting film from youtube!/ Интересное видео с youtube!

How Sanskrit sounds today/Кaк звучит санскрит сегодня


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