I would like to present here a list of some interesting similarities between Sanskrit and English  words which I  have collected working on my dictionary. Some of these are genuine cognates, others are just funny coincidences.  I have not sorted them out and leave to the readers the pleasure of guessing  which are genuine cognates and which are the false ones :). See also the list of Russian-Sanskrit cognate verbs.

Transliteration crash course: ā, ī, ū – long sounds; = ri (a short  similar to Rus. soft рь/r‘); c=ch; j similar to j in “jam”;   similar to shś  a subtler sort of sh, closer to German /ch/  as in  ich .

ass āsa  seat,  the lower part of the body, behind, posteriors
attic aṭṭaka   an apartment on the roof
bumble bee bambhara   a bee
char cūr to burn
cruel krūra cruel, fierce, ferocious, pitiless, harsh
dumb ḍimbha an idiot, an infant
estate astatāti  home
genuine jenya  genuine, true
hunter hantṛ  a slayer, killer
cook kuka  a cook
litter lita  broken, torn asunder asunder, scattered, dispersed, destroyed
little liṭya  to be little
look lok  to see, behold, perceive
mad mad  to rejoice, be glad,exult, delight or revel in, be drunk (also fig.)
mass masa measure, weight
meet mith to unite, pair, couple, meet (as friend or antagonist)
money maṇi  jewel, gem, pearl (also fig.)
omen oman  help, protection
overlook avalok   to look upon or at, view, behold, see, notice, observe
owl ālu an owl
pence paṇasa  a commodity , an article of sale or commerce
posh poṣa thriving, prosperity, abundance, wealth, growth, increase (see more in http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2012/02/what-is-the-origin-of-posh/)
press preṣ to drive on, urge, impel, send forth
proud prauḍha   proud, arrogant, confident, bold, audacious, impudent
rite rīti general course or way, usage, custom, practice, method, manner
sad sāda  sinking down, exhaustion, weariness
saint santa true, real, actual, genuine, sincere, honest, truthful, faithful, pure, virtuous, good, successful, effectual, valid
scale sakala consisting of parts, divisible
shallow śarāva  a shallow cup, dish, plate, platter
shock śoka sorrow, affliction, anguish, pain, trouble, grief for
Sir sūri a learned man, sage
smart samartha very strong or powerful, competent, capable of. able to
spy spaś  one who looks or beholds, a watcher, spy
stale sthālika the smell of faeces
stupor, stupid sthāpita caused or made to stand, fixed
swear svṛ  (also written {svar})  to utter a sound, sound, resound
jump jhampa  a jump
urge ūrj  to strengthen, invigorate
use yuj to make ready, prepare, arrange, fit out, set to work, use, employ
wax vakṣ  to grow, increase, be strong or powerful
win van to conquer, win, become master of, possess
wish vaś  to desire, wish, long for, be fond of, like
toll tul  to lift up, raise
toss tas to throw
union yūni  connection, union
urgent ūrjita  endowed with strength or power, important
vest veṣṭ   to dress, to wrap up, envelop, enclose, surround, cover, invest, beset
wage vāja the prize of a race or of battle, booty, gain, reward
wagon vahana   a square chariot with a pole
varnish varṇ  to paint, colour, dye.
wed voḍha  led home married
zebra śabara   variegated, brindled

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